eSignature Legality Summary

eSignatures are legally valid and admissible in the court of law. USA follows an open model where e-signature can be submitted in court. Specific use cases for eSignatures are indicated in the Uniform ET Act.

The Uniform Electronic Transactions Act (UETA) and the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act (ESIGN) in 2000 have meant businesses are able to use e-signatures when trading. Both ESIGN and UETA highlight that electronic documents and e-signatures are seen in the same legal standing as traditional ways of completing contracts. This shows that electronic documents and signatures can’t be rejected simply for being electronic. The Federal Rules of Evidence and the Uniform Rules of Evidence generally allow for electronic records and their reproductions to be admissible into evidence. The United States has a history of being an Open, business-friendly, eSignature technology-neutral environment.

*The information on this site is "AS IS" and for general information purposes only.

Use Cases for eSignatures ?

Use cases where an SES is typically appropriate include:

  • Speedy HR document preparation with preapproved templates, easy update of each employee, new employee onboarding processes as well as 360 degree view of employee files.
  • End user agreements including sales & service terms, new retail account opening documents, invoices, shipment details, user manual, EULAs, policies

Use Cases for Qualified Signatures ?

Use cases where an AES is typically appropriate include:

  • Purchase, procurement and commercial agreements including invoices, trade and payment terms, certificates, NDAs, sales & distribution agreements, order acknowledgements.
  • Real estate lease agreements for residential and commercial purpose

Use Cases that are not appropriate for Electronic Signatures

Use cases that are specifically barred from digital or electronic processes or that include explicit requirements, such as handwritten (e.g. wet ink) signatures or formal notarial process that are not usually compatible with electronic signatures or digital transaction management.

  • Wills, codicils, and testamentary trusts
  • Adoption, divorce agreements
  • Court orders or notices, or official court documents
  • Contracts or Documents governed by the Uniform Commercial Code (“UCC”)
  • Notices of default, acceleration, repossession, foreclosure, or eviction regarding primary residence
  • Termination of health or life insurance benefits
  • Health or safety recall or material failure notices of a product
  • Documentation for transportation or handling of hazardous or toxic materials

List of Local Trust Service Providers

Institute Regulatory Body/CA/DSC Providers Supported by emSigner Website
Comfortable CA Yes
Digicert CA Yes
DocuSign, Corporation CA Yes
Entrust Datacard Limited CA Yes
GeoTrust, Inc. CA Yes
GMO GlobalSign, Inc. CA Yes
IdenTrust, Inc. CA Yes
NGWeb Solutions, LLC CA Yes
Thawte, Inc. CA Yes
Symantec Corporation CA Yes
MaxMD/Park Avenue Capital, LLC CA Yes

“Digital Signature” means a transformation of a message using an asymmetric cryptosystem such that a person having the initial message and the signer’s public key can accurately determine
(a) whether the transformation was created using the private key that corresponds to the signer’s public key;
(b) whether the message has been altered since the transformation was made

[1] An AES is an “advanced electronic signature”, a type of electronic signature that meets the following requirements:
(a) it is uniquely linked to the signatory;
(b) it is capable of identifying the signatory;
(c) it is created using means that are under the signatory’s sole control;
(d) it is linked to other electronic data in such a way that any alteration to the said data can be detected.

[2] A QES is a specific digital signature implementation that has met the particular specifications of a government, including using a secure signature creation device, and been certified as ‘qualified’ by either that government or a party contracted by that government.

External Resources

DISCLAIMER: This information is intended to help you understand the legal framework of electronic signatures. However, eMudhra cannot provide legal advice. The law of electronic signatures is constantly evolving. This guide is not intended as a legal advice and should not serve as a substitute for professional legal advice. You should consult an attorney regarding any specific legal concerns.
eMudhra, and all associates including agents, officers, employees or affiliates, are not liable for any direct, indirect, incidental, special, exemplary or consequential damages.